International Statement Opposing Use of Counter-Terrorism Powers to Target Islamophobia Expert

As academics and lawyers, we write to express our deep concern about the Austrian government’s use of counter-terrorism powers to target academics and activists, including the November raid against prominent Islamophobia expert Dr Farid Hafez of the University of Salzburg.

Following the murder of four people on 2 November 2020, the atmosphere of fear was used to legitimize mass raids against Professor Hafez and 29 other people – represented by the Minister of Interior as a “strike against political Islam.” While the rest of the targets remain anonymized, Professor Hafez – the only academic among them – was singled out and targeted as the public face of the operation. In what was the largest raid in Austria since WWII, 930 special forces destroyed his entrance, and woke his children in their bedroom with guns in their hands at 5 o’clock in the morning.

This attempt at intimidation was followed by a nation-wide media campaign against Dr Hafez, in which the Ministers of the Interior and of Integration also participated, damaging his reputation as a globally recognized scholar. While none of the raided individuals have been charged with any crime, the targets remain in a state of legal exception as the State Prosecutor has up to three years to either close the case or file a charge, and Dr Hafez’s bank account and assets have been frozen in the interim.

The raids are a manifestation of the intensification of state Islamophobia in Austria, as exemplified by: the Islam Act of 2015; the ban on hijabs for elementary school students (recently declared unconstitutional by the Constitutional Court); the increasing securitization of Muslim civil society by the secret service; the illegal closing of mosques; tightening of the citizenship law; and the attempt to make political Islam (a term the Austrian government has not defined) a criminal offense. It is precisely the critique of these policies, and its manifestations in state Islamophobia, that the Austrian government wishes to censor and make invisible.

The repression in Austria is not isolated. Rather, it is part of the international rise of authoritarian governmental suppression of Muslim civil society and critical scholarship in Western democracies – as we see in France, for example, where postcolonial and anti-racist scholarship has been attacked by the government under the guise of an inquiry into “Islamo-leftism.” United Nations and other international human rights law experts have repeatedly raised concerns about states’ uses of broad and ever-expanding counter-terrorism powers to suppress academic freedom and dissent.

Thus we urge the State Prosecutor to close the case, and cease its intimidation of Dr Farid Hafez and others who have been wrongly attacked. We urge the political leadership in Austria, especially the Minister of Interior and the Minister of Justice, to appoint an independent investigative commission to investigate this case and issue its findings. And we express our ongoing commitment to supporting critical scholarship on Islamophobia and state racism, including by Professor Hafez and others who continue to produce such scholarship under conditions of state repression.

John Esposito, Professor, Georgetown University, USA
Francois Burgat, Professor, Universite Aix en Provence, Directeur CRNS Paris, France
John Bunzl, Professor, Austrian Institute for International Affairs, Austria
Asma Afsaruddin, Professor, Indiana University, USA
Nader Hashemi, Professor, University of Denver, USA
Sahar Aziz, Professor, Rutgers University, USA
Jorgen Nielsen, Prof. em, Universities of Birmingham and Copenhagen, UK/Denmark
Azeezah Kanji, Legal academic and Journalist, Canada

01. Charles Taylor, Professor Emeritus of Philosophy, McGill University, Canada
02. Talal Asad, Professor of Anthropology Emeritus, Graduate Center, City University of New York, USA
03. Santiago Slabodsky, Kaufman Chair in Jewish Studies, Hofstra University-New York, USA
04. Gil Anidjar, Professor, Columbia University, New York, USA
05. Werner Schiffauer, Professor, Europa Universität Viadrina Frankfurt/Oder, Germany
06. Patricia Anne Simpson, Professor of German, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, USA
07. Reinhard Heinisch, Professor of Political Science and Chair of Comparative Austrian Politics, University of Salzburg, Austria
08. Sarah Bracke, Professor of Sociology, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands
09. Peter I. Rose, Sophia Smith Professor Emeritus of Sociology and Anthropology, Smith College, USA
10. Amina Wadud, Visiting Professor, Post-Graduate Studies UIN Sunan Kalijaga, Indonesia
11. Esra Ozyurek, Sultan Qaboos Professor of Abrahamic Faiths and Shared Values, University of Cambridge, UK
12. Mattias Gardell, Professor, Centre for Multidisciplinary Studies on Racism, Uppsala University, Sweden
13. Walter Sauer, Professor of History, University of Vienna, Austria
14. Paul Silverstein, Professor of Anthropology, Reed College, USA
15. Wael Hallaq, Avalon Foundation Professor in the Humanities, Columbia University, USA
16. Werner Ruf, Professor Emeritus of Sociology, University of Kassel, Germany
17. Edward Curtis, Professor of Religious Studies, Indiana University, Indianapolis, USA
18. Sherman Jackson, Professor of Islamic Thought and Culture, University of Southern California, USA
19. Wolfgang Palaver, Professor of Catholic Social Teaching, University of Innsbruck, Austria
20. Nitzan Shoshan, Professor, El Colegio de Mexico, Mexico
21. Raoul Kneucker, Honorary Professor, University of Vienna, Austria
22. Robert Launay, Professor of Anthropology, Northwestern University, USA
23. Francisco Vidal Castro, Professor of Arabic and Islamic Studies, Universidad de Jaén, Spain
24. A. Dirk Moses, Frank Porter Graham Distinguished Professor of Global Human Rights History, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
25. Douglas Pratt, Honorary Professor, Theological and Religious Studies, University of Auckland, New Zealand
26. Asma Barlas, Professor Emerita, Ithaca College, USA
27. Olivier Esteves, Professor, University of Lille, France
28. Tim Jensen, Professor, University of Southern Denmark
29. Laurie A Brand, Robert Grandford Wright Professor of International Relations and Middle East Studies, University of Southern California, USA
30. Fatima El-Tayeb, Professor, University of California, USA
31. Timothy Andres Brennan, Professor, University of Minnesota, USA
32. Sheer Ganor, Assistant Professor, University of Minnesota, USA
33. Steven Alan Carr, Professor of Communication, Purdue University Fort Wayne, USA
34. Ivan Kalmar, Professor, University of Toronto, Canada
35. Peter Mandaville, Professor & Director, Ali Vural Ak Center for Global Islamic Studies, George Mason University, USA
36. Sindre Bangstad, Research Professor, KIFO Institute For Church, Religion And Worldview Research, Norway
37. Sophie Gilliat-Ray, Sophie Gilliat-Ray, Cardiff University, UK
38. Terri Ginsberg, Film Scholar, The American University in Cairo, Egypt
39. Flagg Miller, Professor of Religious Studies, University of California, Davis, USA
40. David Klein, Professor, California State University Northridge, USA
41. Moustafa Bayoumi, Professor, Brooklyn College, City University of New York (CUNY), USA
42. Sunaina Maira, Professor of Asian American Studies, University of California-Davis, USA
43. Zoe Lefkofridi, Professor, Political Science, University of Salzburg, Austria
44. Charles E. Butterworth, Emeritus Professor at the Department of Government & Politics, University of Maryland, USA
45. Helga Druxes, Paul H. Hunn '55 Professor in Social Studies, Williams College, USA
46. John Trumpbour, Research Director, Labor & Worklife Program, Harvard Law School, USA
47. Mohammad Fadel, Professor of Law, University of Toronto, Canada
48. Rebecca Ruth Gould, Professor, Islamic World & Comparative Literature, University of Birmingham, UK
49. Todd Green, Professor of Religion, Luther College, USA
50. David Palumbo-Liu, Louise Hewlett Nixon Professor, Stanford University, USA
51. Paola Bacchetta, Professor, University of California, Berkeley, USA
52. Omnia El Shakry, Professor, University of California, Davis, USA
53. James Renton, Professor of History, & Director, International Centre on Racism, Edge Hill University, UK
54. Esra Ozyurek, Sultan Qaboos Professor of Abrahamic Faiths and Shared Values, University of Cambridge, UK
55. Mattias Gardell, Professor, Centre for Multidisciplinary Studies on Racism, Uppsala University, Sweden
56. Jonathan AC Brown, Professor, Georgetown University, Washington DC, USA
57. Helmut Krieger, Researcher and Senior Lecturer, University of Vienna, Austria
58. Cindy Forster, Professor of Latin American & Caribbean Studies, Scripps College, USA
59. Damir Skenderovic, Professor of Contemporary History, University of Fribourg, Switzerland
60. Claudia Brunner, Associate Professor, Peace Studies & Political Theory, University of Klagenfurt, Austria
61. John King, Associate Adjunct Professor, New York University, USA
62. Shaireen Rasheed, Professor of Philosophy and Education, Long Island University, USA
63. Piya Chatterjee, Professor of Feminist, Gender, and Sexuality Studies, Scripps College, USA
64. Keith P. Feldman, Associate Professor, University of California, Berkeley, USA
65. Oliver Hidalgo, Professor, University of Regensburg, Germany
66. Iman Attia, Professor for Critical Race Studies, Alice Salomon University of Applied Sciences Berlin, Germany
67. Cynthia Franklin, Professor of English, University of Hawai'i, USA
68. Beatriz de Abreu Fialho Gomes, Lecturer, University of Vienna, Austria
69. Jasmin Zine, Professor, Wilfrid Laurier University, Canada
70. Schirin Amir-Moazami, Professor of Islam in Europe, Freie Universität Berlin, Germany
71. Tariq Modood, Professor, University of Bristol, UK
72. Ovamir Anjum, Professor, Imam Khattab Chair of Islamic Studies, Department of Philosophy and Religious Studies, University of Toledo, USA
73. James Carr, Lecturer in Sociology, University of Limerick, Ireland
74. Richard Tapper, Emeritus Professor, SOAS London, UK
75. Rabab Abdulhadi, Director and Senior Scholar, Arab and Muslim Ethnicities and Diasporas Studies, San Francisco State University, USA
76. Mehnaz Afridi, Professor, Manhattan College, USA
77. David S Frey, Director, Center for Holocaust and Genocide Studies, USA
78. Louay Safi, Professor of Political Science and Islamic Thought, Hamad Bin Khalifa University, Qatar
79. Mohammad Bilal Nasir, Postdoctoral Fellow in the Intercollegiate Dept. of Asian American Studies, Pomona College, USA
80. Jean Beaman, Associate Professor of Sociology, University of California-Santa Barbara, USA
81. Hatem Bazian, Executive Director, Islamophobia Studies Center, and Lecturer, University of California-Berkeley, USA
82. Isaías Barreñada Bajo, Lecturer in International Politics, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Spain
83. Hamza Esmili, École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales, Paris, France
84. Enes Bayraklı, Associate Professor, Turkish-German University, Turkey
85. Bárbara Azaola Piazza, Professor, Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha, Spain
86. Kyoko Shinozaki, Professor of Sociology, Paris Lodron University of Salzburg, Austria
87. Wardah Alkatiri, Researcher, The Centre for Interdisciplinary Studies of Islamic Societies and Civilizations (PPMPI), Universitas Nahdlatul Ulama Surabaya (UNUSA), Indonesia
88. Yahya Birt, Research Director, Ayaan Institute, London, UK
89. AbdoolKarim Vakil, Lecturer, King's College London, UK
90. Reza Zia-Ebrahimi, Associate Professor, King's College London, United Kingdom.
91. Jens Hanssen, Associate Professor, University of Toronto, Canada
92. Nadia Fadil, Associate Professor, KU Leuven, Belgium
93. Stanley Thangaraj, Associate Professor, City College of New York, USA
94. Kaz Rahman, Lecturer in Film Practice, School of Arts, University of Kent, UK
95. Julie Pascoet, Campaigner and Consultant on Racial Justice, Europe, Belgium
96. Charlotte Kates, International Coordinator, Samidoun Palestinian Prisoner Solidarity Network, Canada
97. Roberto D. Hernandez, Associate Professor, San Diego State University, USA
98. Alana Lentin, Associate Professor of Cultural & Social Analysis, Western Sydney University, Australia
99. Tim Winter, Lecturer in Islamic Studies, University of Cambridge, UK
100. Ben Whitham, Senior Lecturer in International Politics, De Montfort University, UK
101. Imad-ad-Dean Ahmad, President, Minaret of Freedom Institute, USA
102. Hamidi Malika, Researcher, EHESS, Belgium
103. Michael Calabria, Associate Professor, Director Center for Arab & Islamic Studies, St. Bonaventure University, USA
104. Radwan A. Masmoudi, President, Center for the Study of Islam & Democracy (CSID), USA
105. Dalia Mogahed, Author and Researcher, USA
106. Adey Almohsen, PhD candidate, University of Minnesota, USA
107. Nadja Danglmaier, Postdoc. assistant, Alpen-Adria-Universität Klagenfurt, Austria
108. Laura Mijares, Associate Professor, Complutense University of Madrid, Spain
109. Enrique Tessieri, Open University of Catalonia, Spain
110. Ivan Ejub Kostic, Managing Director, Balkan Centre for the Middle East, Serbia
111. Angana Chatterji, Researcher, University of California, Berkeley, USA
112. Viktorija Ratković, Researcher, Alpen-Adria-Universität Klagenfurt, Austria
113. Naved Bakali, Assistant Professor of Education, American University in Dubai, United Arab Emirates
114. Viktoria Pötzl, Assistant Professor of German-Jewish Studies, Grinnell College, USA
115. Sonja John, Free Lecturer, Alpen-Adria-University Klagenfurt, Austria
116. Eleonora Roldán Mendívil, PhD candidate, Kassel University, Germany
117. Oliver Wäckerlig, Author and Post-Doc Researcher, Switzerland
118. Tarek Younis, Lecturer, Middlesex University, UK
119. Zeina Maasri, Senior Lecturer, University of Brighton, UK
120. Bob Brecher, Professor of Moral Philosophy, University of Brighton, UK
121. Muhammad Khalifa, Professor of Education and Executive Director of the Urban Education, The Ohio State University, USA
122. Malini Johar Schueller, Professor, University of Florida, USA
123. Monika Mokre, Senior Researcher, Austrian Academy of Sciences, Austria
124. Alexander Yendell, Senior Researcher, Center for the Study of Right-Wing Extremism and Democracy at Leipzig University, Germany
125. Lisa Rofel, Professor Emerita, University of California Santa Cruz, USA
126. Tamara Sonn, Professor, Georgetown University, USA
127. Sadia Abbas, Associate Professor, Rutgers University, USA
128. Tamara Sears, Associate Professor, Rutgers University, USA
129. Atiya Aftab, Adjunct Professor, Rutgers University, USA
130. Ebrahim Moosa, Professor, Mirza Family Professor of Islamic Thought & Muslim Societies, University of Notre Dame, USA
131. Mehnaz Afridi, Associate Professor, Manhattan College, USA
132. Dr H.A. Hellyer, Senior Fellow, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace and Cambridge University, UK/USA
133. Peter Matthews Wright, Associate Professor, Colorado College, USA
134. Sam Houston, Assistant Professor, Stetson University, USA
135. Chad Haines, Associate Professor, Arizona State University, USA
136. Jeanette Jouili, Associate Professor, Syracuse University, USA
137. Verena Erlenbusch-Anderson, Associate Professor, Syracuse University, USA/Austria
138. Ermin Sinanovic, Scholar in Residence, Shenandoah University, USA
139. Jamel Velji, Associate Professor of Religious Studies, Claremont McKenna College, USA
140. Adil Ismail Hilal, Faculty of Arts, Damanhour University, Egypt
141. Nermeen Mouftah, Assistant Professor, Assistant Professor, Butler University, USA
142. Mohamed Mosaad Abdelaziz Mohamed, Associate Professor, Sociology, Northern Arizona University, USA
143. Adis Duderija, Senior Lecturer, Griffith Univeristy, Australia
144. Nancy A. Khalil, Assistant Professor in American Culture, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA
145. Nasar Meer, Professor, University of Edinburgh, Scotland
146. Sharif Hassan, Sociology PhD Candidate, Northwestern University, USA
147. Marjo Buitelaar, Professor of Anthropology of Islam, University of Groningen, The Netherlands
148. Mohammad Nafissi, Lecturer in Politics, Boston University, London Programme, UK
149. Tuba Hacer Korkmaz, Assistant Professor of Islamic Studies, Fatih Sultan Mehmet Vakıf University, Turkey
150. Edward R. Moad, Professor, Qatar University, USA
151. Johanna M. Lems, Researcher, GRAIS (UCM), Spain
152. Luz Gomez-Garcia, Asociate Professor of Arabic Studies, Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, Spain
153. Saeed Shafqat, Professor & Founding Director, Centre for Public Policy and Governance, FCCU, Pakistan
154. Manochehr Dorraj, Professor of International Affairs, Texas Christian University, USA
155. Deina Abdelkader, Associate Professor, University of Massachusetts Lowell, USA
156. Alain Gabon, Associate Professor of French Studies, Virginia Wesleyan University, USA
157. S.Beena Butool, PhD Candidate, Florida State University, USA
158. Sayed Hassan Akhlaq, Professor of Philosophy and Religion, Coppin State University, USA
159. Ahmed Elsayed, Researcher, University of Bremen, Germany
160. Andrea Brigaglia, Researcher (TDB) in African Studies, Università degli Studi di Napoli "L'Orientale", Italy
161. Maha Tamabl, Freelance Researcher, expert in Counter Violence Extremism, University of Khartoum, Sudan
162. Mohammed Masbah, President, Moroccan Institute for Policy Analysis, Morocco
163. Zahia Smail Salhi, Chair of Modern Arabic Studies, University of Manchester, UK
164. Hakan Özkan, Senior Researcher, Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster, Germany
165. Iñaki Tofiño, Lecturer, Truro and Penwith College, UK
166. Tahir Abbas, Associate Professor in Terrorism and Political Violence, Leiden Universty, Netherlands
167. Sari Hanafi, American University of Beirut, Lebanon
168. Randi Deguilhem, Professor, CNRS, France
169. Jorge Ramos Tolosa, PhD, Professor of Modern and Contemporary History, University of Valencia, Spain
170. Younes Saramifar, Assistant Professor, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, The Netherlands
171. Freek Colombijn, Associate Professor, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, The Netherlands
172. Labeeb Bsoul, Professor of Humanities and Social Sciences, Khalifa University, United Arab Emirates
173. Gerd Nonneman, Professor of International Relations & Gulf Studies, Georgetown University, Qatar
174. Stéphane Valter, Professor, University of Lyon 2, France
175. Lisa Ausic, PhD candidate, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, The Netherlands
176. Tim Niblock, Professor Emeritus in Middle East Politics, University of Exeter, UK
177. Housamedden Darwish, Senior Research Fellow, Leipzig University, Germany
178. Hakem Al-Rustom, Assistant Professor of History & Anthropology, University of Michigan, USA
179. Talal Al-Rashoud, Assistant Professor of History, Kuwait University, Kuwait
180. Andrea von Sarnowski, Ph D. Geography, University of Mainz, Germany
181. Margret Johannsen, Senior Research Fellow, Institute for Peace Research and Security Policy at the University of Hamburg, Germany
182. Nils Riecken, Guest Professor, Institute for Islamic Studies, Freie Universität Berlin, Germany
183. Mohammed Tabishat, Associate Prof. Social Sciences, Dhofar University, Jordan
184. Vincent Durac, Associate Professor, University College Dublin, Ireland
185. Nahla Abdo, Professor, Carleton University, Canada
186. Fiona McCallum Guiney, Senior Lecturer, University of St Andrews, UK
187. Sahar Ahmed, PhD Candidate, Trinity College Dublin, Ireland
188. Mazin Salah Motabagani, Associate Professor, King Saud University - Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
189. Aalt Smienk, Junior Lecturer, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Netherlands
190. Sofian Merabet, Associate Professor of Anthropology, The University of Texas at Austin, USA
191. Noorudeen Pattasseri, Graduate Student, Hamad Bin Khalifa University, Qatar
192. Safar Zitoun Madani, Professor of Urban Sociology, Université Alger 2, Algeria
193. Reem Bahdi, Associate Professor, Windsor Law, University of Windsor, Canada
194. Wolfgang Driesch, Administrative Assistant, European Institutions, Luxemburg
195. Ahmed Mohamed Sheir, Reseracher and Lecturer, Marburg University-Germany and Damanhour University Egypt, Germany/Egypt
196. Hanan Hammad, Associate Professor and Director of Middle East Studies, Texas Christian University, USA
197. Nadje Al-Ali, Professor; Director, Center for Middle East Studies, Brown University, USA
198. Nadia Abu-Zahra, Associate Professor and Joint Chair in Women's Studies, University of Ottawa and Carleton University, Canada
199. Abdulhamit Kırmızı, Professor, University of Bamberg, Germany
200. Jose Cutillas Ferrer, Associate Professor, Arabic And Islamic Studies, University of Alicante, Spain
201. Virtudes Téllez Delgado, Assistant Professor, Autonomous University of Madrid, Spain
202. Juan Cole, University of Michigan, USA
203. Jeremy Wildeman, Research Fellow, University of Ottawa, Canada
204. Juan E. Campo, Associate Prof. of Islamic Studies and the History of Religions, University of California Santa Barbara, USA
205. Nancy Gallagher, Professor Emerita, History, University of California, Santa Barbara, USA
206. Mohamed BEN-MADANI, Editor and Publisher, The Maghreb Review, UK
207. Ismail Albayrak, Professor, Australian Catholic University, Australia
208. Esam Omeish, President, Libyan American Alliance, USA
209. Caise Diab Hassan, Investor and independent scholar, Loyola University Chicago, USA
210. Ziba Mir-Hosseini, Professorial Research Associate, SOAS, University of London, UK
211. Ibrahim Bechrouri, Adjunct Lecturer, City University of New York, USA
212. Todd Lawson, Professor Emeritus, University of Toronto, Canada
213. Stephen Roddy, Professor, University of San Francisco, USA
214. Ilyass Bouzghaia, PhD, Rabita Muhammadia of Ulema, Morocco
215. Mark Ayyash, Associate Professor of Sociology, Mount Royal University, Canada
216. Vida Samiian, Professor Emeritus Linguistics, California State University, Fresno, USA
217. Felix Wiedemann, Librarian, Bavarian State Library Munich, Germany
218. Adil Moustaoui, Associate Professor, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Spain
219. Jih-Fei Cheng, Assistant Professor, Scripps College, USA
220. Ana I. Planet, Associate professor Sociology of Islam, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Spain
221. Lisa Rofel, Professor Emerita of Anthropology, University of California, Santa Cruz, USA
222. Nicola Pratt, Associate Professor, University of Warwick, UK
223. Carole Browner, Professor, University of California, Los Angeles, USA
224. Randa Farah, Associate Professor, Western University, Canada
225. Dwight Reynolds, Professor, University of California, Santa Barbara, USA
226. Yazid Ben Hounet, Researcher, CNRS - Laboratoire d'Anthropologie Sociale, France
227. Elizabeth Walz, PhD Candidate, Spanish Instructor, University of Michigan, USA
228. Sharif S Elmusa, Associate Professor Emeritus, The American University in Cairo, Egypt
229. Tugrul Keskin, Professor, Shanghai University and Kapadokya University, China and Turkey
230. Tareq Y Ismael, Professor of Political Science, University of Calgary, Canada
231. Luay Radhan, PhD, Alumnus Marburg University, Germany
232. Houaida Taraji, Deutsche Muslimische Gemeinschaft, Germany
233. Aysun Yaşar, Asstant Profofessor for Islamic Theology, Department for Islamic History, Turkey
234. Fouad Touzani, PhD Candidate in Political Science, Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdullah University, Morocco
235. Claudio Fogu, Associate Professor of Italian Studies, University of California, Santa Barbara, USA
236. Mahmood Ibrahim, Professor Emeritus, Cal Poly Pomona, USA
237. Rehab Nazzal, PhD, Visual Artist, Independent, Canada_Palestine
238. Peter Seeberg, Emeritus Associate Professor, Center for Modern Middle East and Muslim Studies, University of Southern Denmark, Denmark
239. Nejm Benessaiah, Assistant Teaching Professor, Georgetown University, USA
240. Mark LeVine, Department of History, University of California, Irvine, USA
241. Ismail K. Poonawala, Professor Emeritus of Arabic & Islamic Studies, University of California Los Angeles, USA
242. Kamala Visweswaran, Professor of Anthropology, Rice University, USA
243. Rasmus Gjedssø Bertelsen, Professor, UiT The Arctic University of Norway, Norway
244. Mark Tessler, Samuel J. Eldersveld Professor, University of Michigan, USA
245. Renasha Khan, PhD Candidate, Kings College London, UK
246. Mario Peucker, Senior Research Fellow, Victoria University, Melbourne, Australia
247. Junaid S. Ahmad, J.D. in Law, College of William and Mary, USA
248. Sener Akturk, Associate Professor, Department of International Relations, Koc University, Istanbul, Turkey
249. Emin Poljarevic, Associate Professor, Uppsala Univesity, Sweden
250. Besnik Sinani, Research Fellow, Leibniz-Zentrum Moderner Orinet Berlin, Germany
251. Junaid Rana, Associate Professor, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, USA
252. Joel Gordon, Professor, University of Arkansas, USA
253. Necmettin Gokkir, Professor, Istanbul University, Turkey
254. Amir Sheikhzadegan, Associated senior researcher, Univesity of Fribourg, Switzerland
255. Su'ad Abdul Khabeer, Associate Professor, University of Michigan, USA
256. Ece Algan, Professor, California State University, San Bernardino, USA
257. Rose Marie Kuhn, Emerita Professor of French, California State University Fresno, USA
258. Niall Christie, Instructor and Chair, Department of History, Latin and Political Science, Langara College, Canada
259. Azra Azyumardi, Professor of history, Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic University Jakarta, Indonesia
260. Fred M. Donner, Peter B. Ritzma Professor Emeritus of Near Eastern History, The University of Chicago, USA
261. Paola Rivetti, Associate Professor, Dublin City University, Ireland
262. Labeeb Ahmed Bsoul, Professor, Humanities and Social Sciences, Khalifa University, UAE
263. Sophie Roche, Privatdozent (Associate Professor), University of Heidelberg, Germany
264. Marie Hakenberg, Assistant Professor, American University of Central Asia, Kyrgyzstan
265. Mahsheed Ansari, Senior Lecturer Islam Studies, Charles Stuart University, Australia
266. Francesco Correale, Historian, CNRS - UMR 7324 CITERES, Tours, France
267. Mahmoud Farag, PhD candidate, Humboldt University of Berlin, Germany
268. Maxime Kuhlmey, Student Assistant, AGYA, Germany
269. Lurdes Vidal, Professor, Universitat de Barcelona, Spain
270. Lewis Turner, Lecturer in International Politics, Newcastle University, UK
271. Natasha Remoundou, Lecturer, NUIG, Ireland
272. Alparslan Açıkgenç, Professor Emeritus of Philosophy, Yıldız Technical University, Turkey
273. Mohammed Bamyeh, Chair, Board of Trustess, Arab Council for the Social Sciences, Lebanon
274. Yolanda Aixelà-Cabré, Tenured Scientist, IMF-CSIC, Spain
275. Sarah Irving, Leverhulme Early Career Fellow, Edge Hill University, UK
276. Ursula Bsees, Lecturer, LMU Munich, Germany
277. Saad S. Khan, Director General, National School of Public Policy, NIM Complex, Quetta, Pakistan
278. Fernando Bravo López, Ramón y Cajal Researcher, Department of Modern History. Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Spain
279. Reza Hosseini, PhD candidate at and Research Fellow at CEMSS, Shahid Beheshti University and Center for Middle East Scientific Study and Strategic Research (CEMSS), Iran
280. Syed Rashid Naim, Principal Senior Lecturer, Georgia State University, USA
281. Alejandro García-Sanjuán, Associate Professor, University of Huelva, Spain
282. Joshua D. Hendrick, Associate Professor, Chair of Sociology, Loyola University Maryland, USA
283. Mahfoud Amara, Associate Professor in Sport Management & Social Sciences, Qatar University, Qatar
284. Matthew Detar, Assistant Professor, Ohio University, USA
285. Andrea Glioti, Journalist and researcher, Italy
286. José Cristóbal Carvajal López, Lecturer in Historical Archaeology, University of Leicester, UK
287. Nofret Berenice Hernández Vilchis, Lecturer / Associate Professor, Instituto Tecnlógico y de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey, Mexico
288. Suad Joseph, Distinguished Research Professor, University of California, Davis, USA
289. Marla Frederick, Professor, Emory University, United States
290. Nora Gueliane, Lecturer, UMMTO (Algeria)/EHESS (France), Algeria
291. Luca Gabbiani, Associate Professor, Ecole française d'Extrême-Orient, France
292. Mohamed Belhadj, PhD candidate, SchoSchool for Advanced Studies in the Social Sciences, France
293. Hanna Pfeifer, Assistant Professor of Political Science, Goethe University Frankfurt, Germany
294. Yasmin Moll, Assistant Professor of Anthropology, University of Michigan, USA
295. Gianfranco Rebucinim, Senior Researcher, CNRS - IIAC, EHESS-Paris, France
296. Alan Kirman, Professor emeritus, EHESS Paris, France
297. Rania Mohammad Ibrahim Mohammad, Post-doctorate researcher, Damietta University, Egypt
298. Juan Pedro Monferrer Sala, Full Professor of Arabic and Islamic Studies, University of Córdoba, Spain
299. Pietje Vervest, Program Director, Transnational Institute, Netherlands
300. Oliver Scharbrodt, Professor of Islamic Studies, University of Birmingham, UK
301. Muhammad Mahdi, Doctor of Philosophy, University of Tehran, Iran
302. Daniel Andrew Birchok, Assistant Professor, University of Michigan-Flint, USA
303. Nadia Ahmad, Associate Professor of Law, Barry University School of Law, USA
304. Maria Josua, Research Fellow, GIGA Institute for Middle East Studies, Germany
305. Markus Schmitz, Senior Lecturer, Lebanese University, Doctoral School of Literature, Humanities & Social Sciences, Lebanon
306. Simon Wood, Associate Professor, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, USA
307. Emile George Howard Joffé, Lecturer and Senior Research Fellow (retired), Department of Politics and International Studies, University of Cambridge, UK
308. Neve Gordon, Professor of Human Rights, Queen Mary University of London, UK
309. Laleh Khalili, Professor of International Politics, Queen Mary University of London, UK
310. Peter Hill, Vice Chancellor's Research Fellow, Northumbria University, UK
311. Rasha Soliman, Lecturer in Arabic Language and Linguistics, University of Leeds, UK
312. Mekia Nedjar, Assistant Professor, Oran 2 University, Algeria
313. Catherine Cobham, Lecturer, University of St Andrews, Scotland
314. Hilary Kilpatrick, Independent scholar, Scotland
315. Zaid Adhami, Assistant Professor of Religion, Williams College, USA
316. Niamh Ni Bhriain, Coordinator War and Pacification Programme, Transnational Institute, Ireland
317. Alex Henley, Research Fellow, Faculty of Theology and Religion, University of Oxford, UK
318. Patricia Morton, Associate Professor, University of California, Riverside, USA
319. Konrad Hirschler, Professor, Freie Universität Berlin, Germany
320. Carmen Rodríguez López, Senior Lecturer, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Spain
321. Nicola Frantz, freelance gender/diversity & anti-racism trainer, external lecturer, Austria
322. Miguel Hernando de Larramendi, Professor, Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha, Spain
323. Adam Ferron, Doctoral Researcher, The University of Edinburgh, UK
324. Annalisa Pavan, Professor, University of Padova, Italy
325. Pauline Jones, Professor of Political Science, University of Michigan, USA
326. Kawthar El-Qasem, Lecturer in Sociology, Hochschule Düsseldorf, Germany
327. Maria Wölflingseder, Author and Editor, Streifzüge, Austria
328. Karl Reitter, Senior Scholar, Philosophy, Universität Klagenfurt, Austria
329. John Chalcraft, Professor of Middle East History and Politics, London School of Economics, UK
330. Nada Moumtazm, Assistant Professor, Study of Religion, University of Toronto, Canada
331. Kevin B. Anderson, Professor of Sociology, Political Science and Feminist Studies, University of California, Santa Barbara, USA
332. Celene Ibrahim, Faculty Affiliate, Boston Islamic Seminary, USA
333. Brieg Powel, Senior Lectuer in International Security and Strategy/International Relations, University of Exeter, UK
334. Konrad Pedziwiatr, Professor, Cracow University of Economics, Poland
335. Carsten Wegscheider, PhD Fellow, University of Salzburg, Austria
336. Elsadig Elsheikh, Senior Researcher, UC Berkeley, USA
337. Dženeta Karabegović, Lecturer and Researcher, University of Salzburg, Austria
338. Suraina Pasha, Researcher, LSE, University of Sydney, UK
339. Nadia Hindi, Assistant Professor , Arabic and Islamic Studies, University of Granada, Spain
340. Jose Cutillas Ferrerm, Associate Professor, Arabic And Islamic Studies, University of Alicante, Spain
341. Miriam Kurzm, Ph.D. Fellow, Berlin Graduate School Muslim Cultures and Societies, Freie Universität Berlin, Germany
342. Hamidou Kamal, Professor, Qatar University, Qatar
343. Simeon Newman, Ph.D. student, University of Michigan, USA
344. Issam Aburaya, Associate Professor, Seton Hall University, USA
345. Andreas Kaplony, Chair of Arabic and Islamic Studies, LMU Munich, Germany
346. Marina de Regt, Associate Professor, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, The Netherlands
347. Fabio Caiani, Lecturer, University of St Andrews, UK
348. Saul Takahashi, Professor of Human Rights and Peace Studies, Osaka Jogakuin University, Japan